Individual psychotherapy is essentially oriented towards the relief of psychological suffering. But it can also be an in-depth work to get to know yourself better in face-to-face sessions.
Understand and improve the psychological functioning at work in each of the partners. Explore unconscious requests, expectations and responses.
Restore erotic relationships and understand the weakening of desire.
Whether as a couple or individually, sexology provides a better understanding of sexual disorders or barriers in order to develop solutions. Reframe your sexual challenges and increase your sexual satisfaction.
BRIEF PSYCHOANALYTIC THERAPY- inspired by S. Freud, S. Ferenczi, M. Balint, E. Gilliéron.
Cecilia Commo's psychotherapeutic practice is essentially oriented towards the relief of psychological suffering in order to achieve a better well-being. Her clinical approach focuses on the psychological conflicts that animate a person (the world of fantasies/unconscious) but also on the links that this person establishes with others, those around him (the real/conscious world). It is a quest where the whole person is considered and not only the relationship he or she has with his or her unconscious and repetitive automatisms. The relationship that Cécilia Commo then establishes with her patient is marked by a warm kindness and an understanding listening without any judgment.
This relational and restorative dimension, which generates empathy, provides the person who consults with support and encouragement that is part of the therapy. Certainly Freudian orthodoxy is shaken up when we talk about introducing empathy into the analytical relationship between the therapist and his patient (a notion introduced by Sandor Ferenczi for whom care, healing and therefore therapy have always been fundamental) but "the psychoanalyst cannot be part of the pure application of a rule without becoming its cold and deadly technician". (B. Defrenet).
Individual therapy is a form of therapy in which you are treated on a one-on-one basis with your therapist. . The sessions are more spaced (1 per week, exceptionally 2) than in a traditional psychoanalysis (standard cure), the therapy is shorter (between 3 and 12 months), the financial burden is lower.
It is perfectly obvious that a person who consults often waits for support, but he or she also wants to perceive a change in his or her daily life: he or she wants to feel that his or her therapy is helping him or her to get better.
The entire approach must therefore be considered in two stages:
- Why this behaviour?
- How can I modify this behaviour to feel relief?
It is indeed important to feel that at each session, a step forward has been taken, a problem raised, a question asked. Because the psychotherapy work does not stop at the consultation between the practitioner and the patient, it continues slowly in the patient's mind until the next session.
Concretely, a brief psychoanalytic psychotherapy begins with one or two preliminary sessions designed to place the person's request in a psychodynamic perspective by investigating several fields (medical, personal, professional, social, relational, etc...) and to set up the conditions for a psychotherapeutic process (construct a psychodynamic hypothesis, transmit this hypothesis to the patient, lead and evaluate the change process). In short: understand what worries or hurts, make a hypothesis about the conflict at play and share this hypothesis with the patient. From there, decide on the treatment, its objectives, its purpose in agreement with the person.
The psychoanalytical field has extended its scope with the emergence of broad psychodynamic conceptions such as those underlying the psychodynamic psychotherapy of couples in which the aim is to understand and improve the psychic and interpersonal functioning at work in each of the two persons constituting the couple. By extension, we postulate the existence of a "psychic apparatus of the couple".
Psychodynamic couple therapies are emotionally focused and/or oriented towards awareness (called insight).
When they are oriented towards insight, they focus on the conflicting emotional processes concerning each of the partners, the interactions between them and the system called "couple" in a broader sense.
These couple therapies integrate individual, marital and family functioning with regard to psychological maturation, understanding, inappropriate contractual expectations, irrational role assignments, and relational rules that do not or no longer work.
Among other objectives, these include unbinding neurotic conflicts, mourning the ideal couple, analysing behaviour, crises and lifestyle habits and allowing crises to be overcome by creating a "new" couple capable of reinventing themselves.
The couple constitutes a magnifying mirror that widens the neurotic features of each other and accentuates personal difficulties, so it is important and vital for the harmony of a couple, that interactions, emotional processes, intrapsychic and interpersonal conflicts, among others, are highlighted.
Sexology or Sex therapy?
Both of them! Or not.
Depending on the problem exposed, the approach will be different. Sexology remains factual and "pragmatic": it concerns ejaculation disorders, erectile dysfunction, knowledge about genital organs, etc.
But it is possible to move away from a factual approach towards a more profound and psychological one. In recent years, I have noticed that my patients come not because they want sex but because they want to desiresex, which is totally different. Sex therapy is therefore interested in movements that suffocate this desire and prevent sexuality from revealing itself in a fulfilling way. If sexology is interested in dysfunction, sex therapy focuses on satisfying relationship, pleasurable sex life and emotional intimacy.
SEX THERAPY/SEXOANALYSIS — pioneered by Claude Crépault
La sexoanalyse est une méthode sexothérapeutique, née du désir de comprendre le sexuel dans ses manifestations concrètes et conscientes mais aussi symboliques et inconscientes. La sexoanalyse postule en effet qu’il existe un inconscient sexuel autonome et que les troubles sexuels sont indissociables des mécanismes inconscients qui l’articulent. Bien qu’ayant plus d’affinités avec la psychanalyse, la sexoanalyse reconnaît la pertinence de certains principes comportementalistes ; par conséquent, elle se situe à la frontière de ces deux courants.
L’objectif de la sexoanalyse est d’amener la personne à la compréhension et à la correction de son désordre sexuel à partir d’un travail sur son imaginaire. L’idée étant que ce travail thérapeutique aidera la personne à surmonter les anxiétés sexuelles et non sexuelles qui sont à la base de son trouble sexuel.
Mais qu’entend-t-on par le terme « troubles sexuels » ou « désordres sexuels » ?
Le manque de désir sexuel, le dégoût de la sexualité, les difficultés érectiles, les problèmes éjaculatoires, le manque d’excitation sexuelle, l’anorgasmie clitoridienne, l’anorgasmie vaginale, les douleurs sexuelles avec ou sans pénétration, la fixation sur la sexualité, la dépendance à la pornographie, la compulsion sexuelle, avoir vécu une agression sexuelle, la paraphilie, entre autres...
Le cadre sexoanalytique est constitué d'entretiens individuels en face-à-face. Le thérapeute est actif et pose des questions, son but étant de retracer les failles dans la progression sexuelle du patient afin de comprendre la signification des désordres sexuels qui en découlent. Le rythme des séances se limite ordinairement à une par semaine ou une tous les quinze jours. La sexoanalyse peut être considérée comme une thérapie à moyen terme.
PERSON CENTRED THERAPY - pioneered by Carl Rogers
The support counseling is intended to be a problem-solving approach for anyone facing a a predicament in his daily life.
This therapeutic approach has been strongly influenced by Carl Rogers and his Person-Centred Approach.
Unlike psychoanalysis, the support counselling is not part of an interpretive process. This is psychological support and assistance that does not require therapeutic work involving personality structures.
Personal counseling is a non-medical, non-analytical approach. The person and his or her therapist are partners in the search for a solution.
In Cecilia Commo's therapeutic practice, the support talks have a so-called remedial function, i.e. it must remedy a specific problem of couple, life or family.
It is a short-term approach focused on solving a situational difficulty such as overcoming and recovering from infidelity, often experienced as a real earthquake within a couple's relationship.